It should be noted that the system of epidemiology surveillance set up in France since 1990 must be regarded as extremely effective since it manages to detect 1 sick Cow out of 1 million individual.
It rests on a network of liberal medical veterinary surgeons who, on the ground, screen all the animals presenting of the nervous signs. It also rests on the veterinary surgeons inspectors of the slaughterhouses which examine with a detailed attention the animals cut down for nervous disorders or presenting such disorders to their input at the slaughterhouse.
( 7 cases in 2008)
(1 of which are Test+ at slaughtering more 24 months old cattle)
(6 of which from European Program on dead animals)
The nervous disorders at the
bovines are frequent and I still intend our professor of Contagious
diseases to recall us:"
all is rage and nothing is rage! "
As regards BSE the diagnosis of certainty can be made only after
the death of the the animal...
with the histological examination of brain, Western-blot test ....
This is why one will have initially to consider that the nervous disorders observed are not BSE ; if our art and our perspicacity do not enable us to carry a diagnosis one will have TO CONVINCE the stock breeder who it is necessary to be able to observe the sick animal during a sufficient time... " nothing is not used for to run... "
The intervention on the spot of the Veterinary surgeon "Coordinator" can help to obtain from the stock breeder (always in a hurry to have a diagnosis), time necessary to the decision-making.
Mar 2006 :Europe :Cessation of British Embargo...
Mar 2006 :Sweeden :First native Case of BSE
Jun 2005 :U.S.A. :First native Case of BSE
Sept 2004 :Europe :Cessation of Portuguese Embargo...
Jan 2004 :France : 6 atypic cases of BSE
Dec 2003 :U.S.A. : First Case of BSE from Canada
May 2003 :Canada : First native Case of BSE
Jun 2002 :Israel : First native Case of BSE
May 2002 :Poland : First native Case of BSE
Dec 2001 :Austria, Finland : First native Case of BSE
Nov 2001 :Slovenia : First native Case of BSE
Sept 2001 :Japan, Slovakia : First native Case of BSE
July 2001 : France : Post-mortem Tests will be performed in European program for 3 years (more than 24 month old cattle)
June 2001 :Greece : First native Case of BSE
Czech Republic : First native Case of BSE
Europe : PROHIBITION of the M.B.F. renewed..
Jan 2001 :Italy : First native Case of BSE
December 2000 :Europe : PROHIBITION of the M.B.F. in all species FROM 01-01-2001 , renewable every 6 months....
November 2000 :Germany : 2 first native cases of BSE
Spain : 2 first native cases of BSE
France :PROHIBITION of M.B.F. in all species
October 2000 :France : PROHIBITION of Intestines
June 2000 :France : 48000 Post-mortem Tests will be performed since end 2000
February 2000 :Denmark :First native case of BSE
October 1999 :France : Refuse the raising of Embargo on British meat
July 1999 :Europe :Prolongation of Portuguese Embargo...
Nov 1998: Europe : PROHIBITION to export Portuguese bovines towards the EEC
June 1998: Europe : Resumption of Exports from Northern IRELAND
Jan 1998: BANNING of high-risk OFFALS
Dec 1997 : Great Britain : forbid the sale of meat on the bone ....U.S.A. FORBID importation of beef and mutton from Europe
Oct. 1997 Evidence of the possible transmission to MAN
France :PROHIBITION of high-risk OFFALS and corpses
1994 France :PROHIBITION of the M.B.F. for the feeding of the RUMINANTS
1991 France : FIRST CASE detected
France :PROHIBITION of the M.B.F. for the feeding of the COWS
July 1988 Great Britain : PROHIBITION of the M.B.F. for the feeding of the RUMINANTS
April 1988 Great Britain : 1988 the contamination of the bovines by consumption of insufficiently heated M.B.F. is suspected
1987 Installation of a network of epidemiology surveillance in ENGLAND
April 1985 Appearance of the " first? " case of BSE
1980 The ENGLISH (for dark economic reasons) modify the procedures of manufacture of M.B.F.(Meat and Bone Flours)
The agent responsible for disease (PRION? -- VIRINO? -- VIRUS?) was present in certain CORPSES which were used to manufacture M.B.F.(Meat and Bone Flours). As long as the industrial processing of the flours by heat were sufficient, the transmission of the disease was not possible via the feeding.
The scientists do not know yet with precision if the agent responsible for the disease were of origin Bovine (not diagnosed pre-existent disease very rare bus) or Ovine (Disease of Trembling) . In fact the sheep presents a disease similar to the BSE of which the agent, concentrated in the M.B.F. could adapt to the bovines.
The disease developing only very slowly (several years!) it was already too late when the first cases of BSE were detected by the British. Only the stop of the distribution of M.B.F to the bovines could stop the progression of the disease ... what was made!!
The duration of incubation described above will involve despite everything the declaration of case of BSE during several year after the stop of the distribution of the accused flours.
IN the CURRENT STATE OF OUR KNOWLEDGE the EPIDEMIC MUST STOP IN A FEW YEARS (the English figures show a regular decrease of the number of cases).